The Regional Economic Cooperation Conference on Afghanistan is heading into its second vital decade of progress with the convening of RECCA-VII in 2017 in Ashgabat, Turkmenistan. In advance of this week's Brussels Conference on Afghanistan and November's RECCA Regional Business Forum in Istanbul, the comprehensive RECCA Annual Review 2016 provides a stocktaking of progress since the first RECCA meeting in 2005 and presents practical guidance on advancing concrete regional economic cooperation activities in the run-up to RECCA-VII. The Review offers two key messages: first, Afghans are moving together with their neighbors from an emphasis on planning for and negotiating joint infrastructure and commercial deals to witnessing tangible progress on new investment, construction, and trade opportunities; and second, from the Lapis Lazuli Corridor through Turkmenistan, the Caucasus, Turkey, and onward to Europe, to Chabahar port in Iran, a new rail connection with China, and emerging transport corridor opportunities with Pakistan and all of the Central Asian Republics, the Silk Road through Afghanistan is being built, establishing modern trade, transit, energy, and communication links at the crossroads of Central, South, and Southwest Asia.